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Horizon Academy Trust is an exempt charity regulated by the Secretary of State for Education.

company number 08411590

registered office is C/O Biggin Hill Primary School, Biggin Avenue, Bransholme, Hull, United Kingdom HU7 4RL.

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Cavendish Primary School


Physical Education Curriculum Intent

Horizon Academy Trust and Cavendish Primary School recognises the value of Physical Education (P.E). We fully adhere to the aims of the national curriculum for physical education to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities
  • are physically active for sustained periods of time
  • engage in competitive sports and activities
  • lead healthy, active lives

Physical education in Horizon schools is essential to the development of motor skills (both gross and fine) and the enhancement of reflexes.  Hand-eye coordination is improved, as well as good body movements, which helps in the development of a healthy body and good posture. PE provides opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. By giving pupils the opportunities to compete in sport and other physical activities it enables pupils to build character and help embed values such as fairness and respect.

Working with a local PE provider (Physical Foundations), we have created a Physical Education curriculum which is centred around thinking that the subject provides a unique platform to teach the growth of holistic development within the children we support. Derived from The National Curriculum, Ofsted guidance and with its roots in research our concept based curriculum focuses on the development of 3 key pillars: Physical, Psychological and Personal competence. It is through the teaching of these within consistently repeated threads across a child's school journey that creates deep, rich and transferrable learning, ensuring strong foundations, growth and eventual mastery of these concepts.

During their time at Cavendish, children are encouraged to develop their physical skills with a view to all children finding a sport which they can participate in and enjoy. In addition to this we aim to provide all pupils’ with:

  • The willingness to practise skills in a wide variety of activities and situations, alone, in small groups and teams and apply these skills in chosen sports with a high level of performance.
  • High levels of physical fitness, and the ability to remain physically active for a sustained period of time.
  • An understanding of how to make healthy lifestyle choices.
  • The ability to swim at least 25 metres before the end of Year 6, and the knowledge of how to remain safe in and around water.
  • Exceptional levels of originality, imagination and creativity in their techniques, tactics and choreography and an understanding of how they can improve performance.
  • A highly positive attitudes towards sport and competition, and the opportunity to represent the school in a variety of sports.

All schools are active members of the local schools’ sports partnership group and the children participate in local sporting events and competitive games against other schools.

Physical Education Curriculum Implementation

P.E. is taught at Cavendish Primary School as an area of learning in its own right, as well as being offered through a wide range of extra-curricular clubs and opportunities. It is taught explicitly once a week indoors and once every other week outdoors, with other opportunities to be active promoted elsewhere in the curriculum (such as the daily mile) and a lunch and break times.
The key knowledge and skills of each pillar are mapped across each phase through different threads of learning. This ensures that children develop their knowledge of movement, attacking and defending, cooperation, agility, balance and coordination, striking, fielding and swimming progressively from EYFS to Year 6. Thread activities will be used to enable children to Show, Know and Grow their Physical, Psychological and Personal competence. embedding skills that will supports them in being able to play a range of sports.

The skills in these areas are also therefore developed systematically, with the programme of study for each year group building on previous learning and preparing for subsequent years. Knowledge and skills are informed and linked to enable achievement of key stage end points, as informed by the 2014 National Curriculum.

Lessons are planned to utilise cross curricular links, as well as the context of each school (including school and local grounds and access to facilities and community role models, such as sports coaches, with specialist skills). The varied curriculum is designed to enable all children to enjoy physical activity and to experience success in sport. 

An extensive extra-curricular provision also provides further challenge and access to a range of physical activity.  They experience positive competition and focus is also placed on developing healthy lifestyles and developing good sporting attitudes. Children learn in a safe environment and have a foundation for lifelong physical activity, leaving primary school as physically active.





 The impact of teaching Physical, Psychological and Personal competence through PE aims to develop children who are equipped with the necessary skills, knowledge and understanding to participate in a range of sports and activities.

Children will be able to show what physical skills are required to play across a range of activities, explain why these skills are important and when they can be applied, as well as displaying the key values to engage sucessfully with others in competitive and collaborative games. They will also understand the additional benefits that PE and Sport provide including health and wellbeing.

Through this approach we aim for pupils to create a positive relationship with Physical Education, developing an excitement, joy and deep competence in every sense of the word, lighting the flame for a lifelong love of physical activity.



Our funding will be used for the following initiatives:


  • Access to quality CPD via Humber Active Sports and Physical Foundations. Subject leaders and staff are able to attend a variety of targeted CPD events throughout the year and are provided with in school coaching and CPD too.


  • Following an audit of resources, we purchase new equipment to ensure the curriculum and extra-curriculum opportunities can be delivered effectively.

Out of School Activities

  • Provide a range of extra-curricular activities for all age-ranges within the school day and after school.
  • Increase the opportunities to participate in competitive sports with other schools.
  • Fund transport and other costs associated with tournaments and events in other schools.

The school is now able to offer a more varied after school provision which aim to help with a healthier lifestyle and increase sporting participation. Clubs including football, basketball, multi-sports, cheerleading and playground equipment.




Our pupils participate in swimming lessons which usually take place during the Summer Term of Year 5. Through this programme of lessons, children are assessed against the National Curriculum programme of study relating to swimming and water safety. Children not meeting the requirements at the end of Year , repeat swimming lessons in Year 6 if required.

In 2022, 86% of children who left Cavendish to move to their chosen secondary schools could swim competently, confidently and proficiently over 25 metres in a range of strokes. In 2022, 86% of children who left Cavendish to move to their chosen secondary schools could self-rescue.

*Swimming was not completed in 2019/20 due to the Covid-19 lockdown. To ensure all pupils were assessed against the National Curriculum expectations swimming was undertaken by the pupils when they were in Year Five.



In Year 5 and 6, we use the 'Bikability' programme which enables children to become road-worthy cyclists as this is a key skill for future. Children's proficiency is assessed at two levels.

  • The Bikeability Level 1 course helps children get more skilled and confident in riding their bikes in the playground and get them ready for cycling on the road. Riders MUST already be able to ride a bike - pedal and freewheel - to participate in this level.
  • The Bikeability Level 2 course aims to improve riders' skills and confidence for cycling on smaller roads and simple junctions without too much traffic. It prepares riders for cycling on larger and busier roads and more complicated junctions. All the riders will have to show the instructors they can do everything at Bikability Level 1 before they can go on the roads.

Cavendish PE Documents:

PE Policy

PE Curriculum Map Journey 

PE EYFS KS1 Foundational Knowledge

PE Knowledge and Skills Progression

PE Long Term Plan